Poland observed quite accurately that circumcision does not occur randomly. 16 this is true in this study because 65 percent of uncircumcised men were concentrated in the Philippine Islands, where the circumcision of male children is an ingrained social practice. This study did not take account of variations in the incidence of HPV infection in different studied populations, or consider the impact of smoking, use of oral contraceptives, and parity between patients and controls female and their variance between population groups. Only women considered to have said that they had had only one sexual partner. Since, in some cultures, marriage virginity is highly prized, women may have been reluctant to admit to a previous sexual partner.
The study examines the current partners of women with cervical cancer. Cervical cancer has a long incubation period that can cover several decades. 23 many women in the study could have been infected with HPV by a former partner earlier in their sexually active years. Aitken-Swan and Baird 7 and 23 adami and Trichopoulos noted that extramarital partners can not be excluded. Report that uncircumcised men have a higher rate of HPV infection. However, found that there was no significant difference in HPV infection between circumcised and uncircumcised men.
Studied the incidence of infection hpv men whose women were patients with cervical cancer. 22 it is very likely that at least some of the men were infected by their spouses. 27 apparently, the possibility that the men were infected by their wives was not considered. This could seriously distort the results of the study.
22 However, they do not publish the factors used to make these settings, so their validity can not be independently verified. Tobacco factors, parity, and use of oral contraceptives are not controlled. To check parity and use of oral contraceptives 22 is amazing because circ simultaneously released two additional studies of these factors. Scientific studies of the etiology of the disease appropriately should confounding factors known or their results are inconclusive. It now appears that, although the hpv infection is a necessary condition for the development of anogenital cancers, including cervical cancer, another factor may be necessary to trigger the development of neoplasia. Known factors include low socioeconomic status, smoking 7, 18,19 use of hormonal contraceptives, 20 and multiparity.
Found no significant association of male circumcision with a decreased risk of cervical cancer. 22 they refuse to recommend the non-therapeutic circumcision of routine. 3,4,7 their conclusion that circumcision is generally not significant confirms the previous results. There are many methodological shortcomings in their study, so that the study should be considered inconclusive. The weight of the medical evidence shows that circumcision has no value in the prevention of HPV infection in women. cervical cancer is caused by a sexually transmitted virus, and it can be activated by certain factors that are under the control of the individual. early sexual activity, multiple sexual partners, and failure to use condoms increase the risk of infection of HPV.
Smoking, use of oral contraceptives, and multiple numbers of births also increase the risk of cervical cancer. Women have a duty to protect healthy behavior by cervical cancer. Education is needed to enable women to protect themselves against infection with HPV. Wipe with vinegar turns white tissues infected with HPV. The neck may be wiped with vinegar and then visually inspected to determine if the HPV infection exists.
32 more or less expensive test could hardly be imagined. Circumcision does not guarantee protection against infection by HPV. 6-14 the possible reduction of risk is low at best. Even if it were proven effective, the difficulties of establishing worldwide mass male circumcision seem insurmountable.
HPV infection occurs in sexually active older people.
Your Guide to Cervical Screening (smear test) – Hindi