At first glance, to diagnose erosion is easy but only during the examination, as many symptoms of the disease are not vivid. After a normal pelvic exam, the doctor will tell you immediately that there is a problem. However, if you want to get rid of it forever, you need to identify the cause, and this requires further analysis and tests. If you do not do this, it is possible that the disease should come back again. In addition, the “ordinary” and potentially dangerous erosion may look the same, and in order to accurately determine the state of the cervix, other tests will be needed. But let’s analyze in more detail how the diagnosis of cervical erosion is conducted. Use the hyperlink to see how the erosion looks like.
The necessary research and analysis at the cervical erosion:
- Mirror examination. In most cases, erosion is established with a planned examination at the gynecologist. If needed, it is specified with the help of colposcopy.
- Colposcopy. This way we call the study of the cervix under magnification in a few times. When the results of a simple inspection are questionable, colposcopy always accurately determines if the patient has a problem or not.
- Smear on the flora, if necessary – inoculation. Determination of vaginal flora is necessary in order to prevent the yeast and bacterial vaginosis – frequent causes of disease.
- A blood test for syphilis, hepatitis B, hepatitis C and HIV. These diseases weaken the immune system, and thus contribute to the emergence of erosion. In addition, if you are treated by cauterization, that is, in fact, the surgical method, doctors need to know that you are not a danger to other patients.
- Analysis (PCR) for mycoplasma, trichomonas, chlamydia, herpes, human papillomavirus, gardnerella, ureaplasma. In most cases the direct cause of the disease are infections is therefore necessary to eliminate all possible variants of contamination.
- Scraping for cytology. It is used to study the cellular composition of the surface of the cervix, while searching for malignant change (metaplasia) in the cells cells.
- A biopsy of cervical erosion. This method is not applicable for all patients, and only when indicated, for example, by scraping the positive results.
- Histological examination of the biopsy specimen. A piece of tissue taken during the biopsy is examined under a microscope. A study carried out for the same purpose – to search for atypical (cancerous) cells.
By the way, a biopsy of cervical erosion is of two kinds:
- Plucked biopsy, when a sample of tissue is taken special tool turbinotomy after which does not require stitches;
- Knife biopsy. It is performed under general anesthesia and is considered less acceptable, because the sample is taken with a scalpel, which entails suturing.
As you can see, there are several options for diagnosis, but it is best to treat the disease in its early stages, so a planned examination at the gynecologist is mandatory for every woman, regardless of age! Remember that the disease is much easier and cheaper to prevent than to treat.