About 3,000 cases of cervical cancer are diagnosed in the UK each year. Cervical cancer is rare in women under 25 Nhs choice – symptoms of cervical cancer. In most cases vaginal bleeding is the first symptom of cervical cancer. Bleeding at any time, other than your expected monthly period. Visit your GP for advice if you experience any type of unusual vaginal bleeding.
Other symptoms of cervical cancer may include pain and discomfort during sexual intercourse and vaginal discharge odor. Severe pain in your side or back caused by the swelling of the kidneys, related to a condition called hydronephrosis. Dna provides the cells with a basic set of instructions, including when to grow and reproduce. It can change the instructions that control cell growth, which means that the cells continue to grow instead of stopping when they should. If the cells produce uncontrollably, they produce a piece of tissue called a tumor. HPV is a group of viruses, instead of a single virus.
Other types of HPV can cause genital warts. About 15 types of HPV are considered high risk for cervical cancer. Both types known to have the greatest risk are HPV 16 and 18, which cause about 7 out of 10 cervical cancers. types of high-risk HPV are thought to contain genetic material that can be transmitted in cells of the cervix. This material begins to disrupt normal functioning of cells, which can eventually cause them to replicate in an uncontrolled manner, which leads to the growth of a cancerous tumor. See prevention of cervical cancer for more information on reducing your chances of developing an HPV infection. The cervical cancer usually takes many years to develop.
Cin and CGIN are pre-cancerous conditions. However, even if you are developing or cin CGIN, the chances of developing into cervical cancer are very small, and if changes are discovered during screening of the cervix. The progression of HPV infection to development or cin CGIN then developing cervical cancer is very slow, often taking 10 to 20 years. The fact that HPV infection is very common, but cervical cancer is relatively rare suggests that only a very small proportion of women are vulnerable to the effects of HPV infection. The reason for the link between cervical cancer and birth is difficult.
One theory is that the hormonal changes that occur during pregnancy may make the cervix more vulnerable to the effects of hpv. If cervical cancer is diagnosed and treated, it will slowly spread the neck and in the surrounding tissues and organs. The cancer can spread to the vagina and surrounding muscles that support the pelvic bones. Cancer cells can also spread through your lymphatic system. If you have an infection, the nodes in your neck or under your armpits may become swollen. In some cases of early cervical cancer, lymph nodes near the neck contain cancer cells.
In some cases of advanced cancer of the cervix, lymph nodes in the chest and abdomen may be affected. Referral will be recommended if the results of your cervical screening test suggest that there are abnormalities in the cells of the cervix. You may also be referred to a gynecologist if you have abnormal vaginal bleeding, or if your GP has noticed a growth within your uterus during an examination. Testing for chlamydia involves taking a small sample of tissue from your cervix, or perform a urine test. This is a test to look for abnormalities in your cervix. In some cases, a minor operation called a cone biopsy may also be performed.
The operation is performed at the hospital, usually under local anesthesia. During a cone biopsy, a small cone-shaped section of the cervix will be removed so that it can be examined microscopically for cancer cells. You may experience vaginal bleeding up to four weeks after the procedure. Treatment of cervical cancer depends on how far the cancer has spread.
Your cancer team will recommend what they think the best treatment options, but the final decision will be yours.